Roychowdhury, Upendra Kishore (1863-1915)
writer of juvenile literature, musician, artist, and a pioneer of Bengali
printing industry. He was born in the village Masua in mymensingh
district on 10 May 1863. His early name was Kamadaranjan Roy. At his age
of five, one Hari Kishore RoyChowdhury, a relative of Upendra's father
Kalinath Roy received him as an adopted son. He was then renamed as Upendra
Kishore RoyChowdhury. Upendra passed the Entrance examination in 1880
with scholarship from Mymensingh Zila School. He studied for a while at
Presidency College in Calcutta but passed BA examination in 1884 from
Calcutta Metropolitan Institute.
He became an expert in drawing during his school-life. His first
literary work was published in the famous juvenile magazine Sakha
when he was a BA student in 1883 and from then on continued his
literary work. Upendra played a pioneering role in the fields
of Bangla juvenile literature by creating rhymes, folktales, fairytales,
mythological tales, and science fiction adding fine drawings.
He started publishing a monthly juvenile magazine Sandesh
under his editorship which is now-a-days the most popular juvenile
magazine published from Calcutta.
Upendra Kishore Roychowdhury
Upendra Kishore started experiment on printing of halftone
pictures by establishing studio, darkroom, etc in 1896. He prepared various
diaphragm, ray-screen adjuster, etc by research and became the inventor
of diotype and ray-print process. Upendra wrote a number of books, of
which most important are Chotoder Ramayan (1894-1895), Sekaler
Katha (1903), Chotoder Mahabharat (1909), and Mahabharater
Galpa (1909). World famous filmmaker satyajit
ray was his grandson. Upendra Kishore RoyChowdhury breathed
his last on 20 December 1915.
[Md Mahbub Murshed]
Article Source: Banglapedia